Painted nickel-plated bronze
83 x 24 1/2 x 24 1/2 in. (210.8 x 62.2 x 62.2 cm)
Most casts signed, dated, numbered (or marked AP and numbered) and chopmarked [twice] base edge. Ed. 6/6 signed, dated and numbered.
Classification: sculpture (editioned)

Sculpture (Editioned)

Catalogue entries for editioned sculpture provide conception and fabrication dates, dimensions, and transcriptions of inscriptions with brief summaries highlighting inconsistencies within editions.

All fabricators involved with an edition are documented, including their location at the time of fabrication and, when available, key workshop staff. Publishers and commissioners involved in the production and distribution of a sculpture are also listed. 

Remarks address conflicting information, historical cataloguing errors or other unclear details.

Primary Images usually illustrate an individual work in an edition, often with multiple images taken from various angles. Research Images document inscriptions or other details of interest.

Edition Numbers

When edition numbers for individual casts could not be confirmed, the edition number is given as "unkn" to mean unknown. The works may or may not correspond to other works in the same edition with incomplete provenance.

Dates

Conception dates for editioned sculpture are based on the year a collage or prototype, used for the edition's fabrication, was completed. Approximate dates are indicated with circa "c." Fabrication dates follow the conception date in parentheses and are based on the year(s) in which individual works in an edition were delivered by the fabricator to the artist’s studio to be painted, usually shortly after delivery.

Dimensions

Dimensions reflect fabricators' dimensions recorded in official paperwork or documented in studio files maintained by the artist or his estate whenever available; otherwise, they stem from Castelli records, RL Studio Cards or the catalogue team's research.

Inscriptions

Despite extensive research efforts, physical examination or documentation of inscriptions was not always possible. In these cases, the signature transcription says “[no information].” When information came from an external source, e.g., an auction catalogue, inscriptions are given verbatim with a reference.

Provenance

Provenance histories for editions of 3, 6, 8, and 12 works are provided. For larger sculpture editions, provenance has not been researched and descriptive details, such as individual signature transcriptions, are not given. Entries follow instead a format similar to print entries.

(Contrary to entries for large sculpture editions, the catalogue provides provenance for all of Lichtenstein's banner and tapestry editions, regardless of their size, to document their complex histories.) See: 4.2. BANNER (EDITIONED)

Research

Primary sources consulted are mainly the rich materials in the RLF Archives, such as studio correspondence, fabricator agreements and invoices, publisher’s royalty reports, shipping receipts, business logs and loan forms. In addition, frequent conversations were held with former fabricator staff and studio assistants. James dePasquale, Lichtenstein's assistant since the early 1970s, was primarily responsible for painting the artist's smaller sculptures after they were delivered by the fabricator to the artist’s studio. He served as an invaluable source for questions about media details and process.  

Posthumous Casts

In accordance with Lichtenstein's intentions or unrealized plans left at the time of his passing, the Estate of the artist, after consultation with the Roy Lichtenstein Foundation, produced a select group of monumental and smaller casts. They are described as such in their catalogue entries.

In all cases, production was based on extended research and documentation with historical indications. The same fabricators were used for the posthumous casts as for the lifetime casts, with oversight provided by the artist's assistant James dePasquale, reflecting a standard studio practice. Often, the casts were made with higher quality materials and improved engineering, paint systems, etc., due to a less restrictive budget.

Posthumous casts, which do not reflect or expand lifetime editions are not included in the catalogue. For further information see: Projects of the ERL.

Read more: Guide to the Catalogue
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Catalogue entry

Artwork: Metallic Brushstroke Head, 1993 (fabricated c. 1993–1995) (RLCR 4257)  AP 2/2
AP 2/2
Artwork: Metallic Brushstroke Head, 1993 (fabricated c. 1993–1995) (RLCR 4257)  AP 2/2
Artwork: Metallic Brushstroke Head, 1993 (fabricated c. 1993–1995) (RLCR 4257)  AP 2/2
Artwork: Metallic Brushstroke Head, 1993 (fabricated c. 1993–1995) (RLCR 4257)  AP 2/2
Artwork: Metallic Brushstroke Head, 1993 (fabricated c. 1993–1995) (RLCR 4257)  AP 2/2
Artwork: Metallic Brushstroke Head, 1993 (fabricated c. 1993–1995) (RLCR 4257)  AP 2/2
Artwork: Metallic Brushstroke Head, 1993 (fabricated c. 1993–1995) (RLCR 4257)  AP 2/2
RLCR 4257 (LC 1165; RL 1722)
Metallic Brushstroke Head
1993 (fabricated c. 1993–1995)
Title Source
Castelli; RL Studio Card
Media
Painted nickel-plated bronze
Dimensions
83 x 24 1/2 x 24 1/2 in. (210.8 x 62.2 x 62.2 cm)
Description
Edition of 6; 2 AP
Publisher: Saff Tech Arts, Oxford, Md. Project team: Donald Saff, Ken Elliot, Patrick Foy, George Holzer, and Conrad Schwabble.

Fabricator: Walla Walla Foundry, Walla Walla, Wash.
Inscriptions
Most casts signed, dated, numbered (or marked AP and numbered) and chopmarked [twice] base edge. Ed. 6/6 signed, dated and numbered.
Ed. 4257.AP1/2
rf Lichtenstein '94 AP 1/2 [Saff Tech Arts chop]; W. W. F.
Ed. 4257.AP2/2
rf Lichtenstein '94 AP 2/2 [Saff Tech Arts chop]; W. W. F.
Ed. 4257.1/6
rf Lichtenstein '94 1/6 [Saff Tech Arts chop]; W. W. F.
Ed. 4257.2/6
rf Lichtenstein '94 2/6 [Saff Tech Arts chop]; W. W. F.
Ed. 4257.3/6
[no information]
Ed. 4257.4/6
rf Lichtenstein '94 4/6 [Saff Tech Arts chop]; W. W. F.
Ed. 4257.5/6
[no information]
Ed. 4257.6/6
"incised with signature, number and date
"rf Lichtenstein '94 6/6" on the base" (per Phillips catalogue, sale 849A)
Remarks

The casts are marked 1994. Saff Tech Arts worksheet indicates the project was started April 1993 and completed February 1995 (RLF Archives).

Related Works
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Provenance
Ed. 4257.AP1/2
Donald Saff, Oxford, Md.
Galerie Terminus, Munich, June 2007 (via Christopher Henry Gallery, New York City)
{Phillips, New York, May 15, 2014, sale NY010314, lot 28}
{Phillips, New York, May 8, 2016, sale NY010316, lot 29}
{Sotheby's, New York, May 17, 2019, sale N10070, lot 211; withdrawn}
Ed. 4257.AP2/2
Private collection
Ed. 4257.1/6
Private collection, November 1993 (via Saff Tech Arts, Oxford, Md.)
(Christie's, New York, May 12, 2004, sale 1374, lot 194, as Brushstroke Head)
Private collection
Edward Tyler Nahem Fine Art, New York City, April 2014 (via Yares Art, New York City)
Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac, September 2019
Ed. 4257.2/6
Sash A. and Mary M. Spencer, New York City, January 1994 (via Saff Tech Arts, Oxford, Md.) [Sash A. Spencer deceased June 2008]
Ed. 4257.3/6
Estate of Roy Lichtenstein
The Roy Lichtenstein Foundation Collection, October 2023 (by gift)
Ed. 4257.4/6
Saff & Co., Oxford, Md., December 1999 [Donald Saff, Oxford, Md.]
Bernard Jacobson Gallery, London, May 2003
Private collection, Palm Beach, Fla., July 2005
(Sotheby's, New York, November 14, 2007, sale N08363, lot 39)
Owner unknown
Ed. 4257.5/6
Private collection
Ed. 4257.6/6
PaceWildenstein, New York City, April 1998 (via Saff Tech Arts, Oxford, Md.)
Private collection
(Phillips de Pury & Company, New York, May 14, 2001, sale NY849, lot 42)
Owner unknown
Exhibitions
Gagosian Gallery (980 Madison Avenue), New York, Roy Lichtenstein: New Sculpture, September 14–October 21, 1995.
PaceWildenstein Gallery, Los Angeles, Group Exhibition of Gallery Artists, March 12–April 4, 1998 (ed. 4257.6/6).
PaceWildenstein Gallery, Los Angeles, Group Exhibition of Gallery Artists, May 15–June 13, 1998 (ed. 4257.6/6).
Museo del Palacio de Bellas Artes, Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes, Mexico City, Roy Lichtenstein: Imágenes reconocibles: Escultura, pintura y gráfica, July 9–October 18, 1998 (Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes 1998). Traveled to: Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Monterrey, Monterrey, Mexico, November 5, 1998–January 31, 1999; Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., June 5–September 30, 1999 (as Roy Lichtenstein: Sculpture and Drawings, revised and expanded) (Corcoran 1999); Instituto Valenciano de Arte Moderno (IVAM), Valencia, Spain, October 21, 1999–January 9, 2000 (Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes 1999); Fundación Pedro Barrié de la Maza, A Coruña, Spain, January 27–April 23, 2000 (Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes 1999); Centro Cultural de Belém, Lisbon, Portugal, May 11–August 15, 2000 (as Roy Lichtenstein: Imagens Reconhecíveis) (Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes 2000) (ed. 4257.3/6).
PaceWildenstein Gallery (32 East 57th Street), New York, Summer 99, July 9–August 13, 1999 (ed. 4257.6/6).
Mitchell-Innes & Nash (1018 Madison Avenue), New York, Roy Lichtenstein: Brushstrokes, Four Decades, November 1, 2001–January 12, 2002 (only Zurich) (Hickey 2001). Traveled to: De Pury und Luxembourg, Zurich, March 13–June 18, 2002 (Hickey 2002) (ed. 4257.3/6).
David Winton Bell Gallery, List Art Center, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, Lichtenstein Sculpture and Prints, September 7–October 27, 2002 (ed. 4257.3/6).
Watson Center for International Studies, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, Extended Loan, October 29, 2002–August 1, 2004 (ed. 4257.5/6).
Bernard Jacobson Gallery, London, Roy Lichtenstein: Last Still Life and Other Works, March 3–27, 2004 (ed. 4257.4/6).
Gagosian Gallery (6–24 Britannia Street), London, Roy Lichtenstein: Sculpture, June 6–August 6, 2005 (Foster, H. 2005). Traveled to: Gagosian Gallery (555 West 24th Street), New York, N.Y., September 16–October 22, 2005 (ed. 4257.AP2/2).
Galerie Terminus, Munich, Giants of Pop: Keith Haring, Roy Lichtenstein, Andy Warhol, October 21–November 30, 2008 (ed. 4257.AP1/2).
Literature
Ropac, Thaddaeus, ed. The Muse? Transforming the Image of Woman in Contemporary Art: An Exhibition of the Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac and the Salzburg Festival 1995. Translated from the German by Elizabeth Mortimer and Gail Schamberger. Salzburg: Verlag Anton Pustet, 1995. Exhibition catalogue (1995 Salzburg Ropac), no. 47 p. 96 color ill. [not exhibited]. (ed. 4257.3/6).
Dobrzynski, Judith H. "In Search of 'the Unknown Roy.'" ARTnews 105, no. 5 (May 2006), p. 60 color ill.
Kushner, Marilyn Satin. Donald Saff: Art in Collaboration. Munich: DelMonico Books, Prestel, 2010, no. 140 n.p. facing p. 136 color ill.