Painted and patinated bronze, painted wood base
<span class="gray">Sculpture:</span> 55 x 40 1/2 x 17 7/8 in. (139.7 x 102.9 x 45.4 cm)<div class="div_addlDim"><span class="gray">Sculpture with white base:</span> 75 x 45 x 22 1/2 in. (190.5 x 114.3 x 57.2 cm)</div>
Most casts numbered, signed, dated and chopmarked base edge. Ed. 3/6 numbered, signed and dated. Posthumous 0/6 numbered, marked with artist's name, dated, marked with copyright notice with year of fabrication and chopmarked base edge.
Classification: sculpture (editioned)

Sculpture (Editioned)

Catalogue entries for editioned sculpture provide conception and fabrication dates, dimensions, and transcriptions of inscriptions with brief summaries highlighting inconsistencies within editions.

All fabricators involved with an edition are documented, including their location at the time of fabrication and, when available, key workshop staff. Publishers and commissioners involved in the production and distribution of a sculpture are also listed. 

Remarks address conflicting information, historical cataloguing errors or other unclear details.

Primary Images usually illustrate an individual work in an edition, often with multiple images taken from various angles. Research Images document inscriptions or other details of interest.

Edition Numbers

When edition numbers for individual casts could not be confirmed, the edition number is given as "unkn" to mean unknown. The works may or may not correspond to other works in the same edition with incomplete provenance.

Dates

Conception dates for editioned sculpture are based on the year a collage or prototype, used for the edition's fabrication, was completed. Approximate dates are indicated with circa "c." Fabrication dates follow the conception date in parentheses and are based on the year(s) in which individual works in an edition were delivered by the fabricator to the artist’s studio to be painted, usually shortly after delivery.

Dimensions

Dimensions reflect fabricators' dimensions recorded in official paperwork or documented in studio files maintained by the artist or his estate whenever available; otherwise, they stem from Castelli records, RL Studio Cards or the catalogue team's research.

Inscriptions

Despite extensive research efforts, physical examination or documentation of inscriptions was not always possible. In these cases, the signature transcription says "[no information]." When information came from an external source, e.g., an auction catalogue, inscriptions are given verbatim with a reference.

Provenance

Provenance histories for editions of 3, 6, 8, and 12 works are provided. For larger sculpture editions, provenance has not been researched and descriptive details, such as individual signature transcriptions, are not given. Entries follow instead a format similar to print entries.

(Contrary to entries for large sculpture editions, the catalogue provides provenance for all of Lichtenstein's banner and tapestry editions, regardless of their size, to document their complex histories.) See: 4.2. BANNER (EDITIONED)

Research

Primary sources consulted are mainly the rich materials in the RLF Archives, such as studio correspondence, fabricator agreements and invoices, publisher’s royalty reports, shipping receipts, business logs and loan forms. In addition, frequent conversations were held with former fabricator staff and studio assistants. James dePasquale, Lichtenstein's assistant since the early 1970s, was primarily responsible for painting the artist's smaller sculptures after they were delivered by the fabricator to the artist’s studio. He served as an invaluable source for questions about media details and process.  

Posthumous Casts

In accordance with Lichtenstein's intentions or unrealized plans left at the time of his passing, the Estate of the artist, after consultation with the Roy Lichtenstein Foundation, produced a select group of monumental and smaller casts. They are described as such in their catalogue entries.

In all cases, production was based on extended research and documentation with historical indications. The same fabricators were used for the posthumous casts as for the lifetime casts, with oversight provided by the artist's assistant James dePasquale, reflecting a standard studio practice. Often, the casts were made with higher quality materials and improved engineering, paint systems, etc., due to a less restrictive budget.

Posthumous casts, which do not reflect or expand lifetime editions are not included in the catalogue. For further information see: Projects of the ERL.

Read more: Guide to the Catalogue
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Catalogue entry

Artwork: Expressionist Head, 1980 (fabricated 1980–81, posthumous 0/6 fabricated 2021) (RLCR 2993) Photo: Courtesy Christie's Ed. 1/6
Ed. 1/6
Artwork: Expressionist Head, 1980 (fabricated 1980–81, posthumous 0/6 fabricated 2021) (RLCR 2993) Photo: Courtesy Christie's Ed. 1/6
Artwork: Expressionist Head, 1980 (fabricated 1980–81, posthumous 0/6 fabricated 2021) (RLCR 2993) Photo: Courtesy Christie's Ed. 1/6
RLCR 2993 (LC 885; RL 0009)
Expressionist Head
1980 (fabricated 1980–81, posthumous 0/6 fabricated 2021)
Title Source
Castelli; RL Studio Card; RL Studio Photograph
Media
Painted and patinated bronze, painted wood base
Ed. 1/6 was seen on a tall black base at Christie's auction in 2017. The same cast was offered again in 2021 on a shorter, white base closer in appearance to the original bases on casts we examined.
Dimensions
Sculpture: 55 x 40 1/2 x 17 7/8 in. (139.7 x 102.9 x 45.4 cm)
Sculpture with white base: 75 x 45 x 22 1/2 in. (190.5 x 114.3 x 57.2 cm)
Description
Edition of 6 plus posthumous 0/6
Fabricators: Tallix Inc., Peekskill, N.Y. (ed. 1/6–6/6); Urban Art Projects (UAP), Rock Tavern, N.Y. (posthumous 0/6).
Inscriptions
Most casts numbered, signed, dated and chopmarked base edge. Ed. 3/6 numbered, signed and dated. Posthumous 0/6 numbered, marked with artist's name, dated, marked with copyright notice with year of fabrication and chopmarked base edge.
Ed. 2993.0/6
0/6 ROY LICHTENSTEIN '80 / © RLI 3D, LLC 2021 UAP
Ed. 2993.1/6
1/6 rf Lichtenstein '80 [Tallix chop]
Ed. 2993.2/6
[no information]
Ed. 2993.3/6
3/6 rf Lichtenstein '80
Ed. 2993.4/6
4/6 rf Lichtenstein '80 [Tallix chop]
Ed. 2993.5/6
[no information]
Ed. 2993.6/6
6/6 rf Lichtenstein '80 [Tallix chop]
Remarks

The casts are marked 1980. Invoices for payments to the fabricator are dated September 1980 through April 1981 (RLF Archives).

Photo: Courtesy Christie's (all Primary Images)
Research Images
Expressionist Head, 1980 (fabricated 1980–81, posthumous 0/6 fabricated 2021) (RLCR 2993). 1/6: Inscription
1/6: Inscription
Expressionist Head, 1980 (fabricated 1980–81, posthumous 0/6 fabricated 2021) (RLCR 2993). 1/6: Inscription
1/6: Inscription
Expressionist Head, 1980 (fabricated 1980–81, posthumous 0/6 fabricated 2021) (RLCR 2993). 4/6: Shorter base used for casts examined
4/6: Shorter base used for casts examined
Expressionist Head, 1980 (fabricated 1980–81, posthumous 0/6 fabricated 2021) (RLCR 2993). 4/6: Inscription
4/6: Inscription
Related Works
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Provenance
Ed. 2993.0/6
Estate of Roy Lichtenstein
Ed. 2993.1/6
Katherine Komaroff Fine Art, New York City, c. 1980 (artist gift)
Jeffrey H. Loria & Co., Inc., New York, December 2000
Sydell Miller, Palm Beach, Fla., 2001
(Christie's, New York, May 17, 2017, Property from Cleveland Clinic generously donated by Mrs. Sydell Miller, sale 14187, lot 59B)
Private collection
(Christie's, New York, November 11, 2021, sale 20180, lot 78 C)
Ed. 2993.2/6
Collection Marvin Ross Friedman, Coral Gables, Fla., February 1981 (via Leo Castelli Gallery, New York City)
Private collection, La Jolla, Calif., April 1994 (via Manny Silverman Gallery, Los Angeles)
Private collection, May 2006 (via Manny Silverman Gallery, Los Angeles; via Gagosian Gallery, New York City)
Ed. 2993.3/6
The Greenberg Gallery, St. Louis, April 1981 (via Leo Castelli Gallery, New York City)
Private collection, Chicago, March 1985 (via Patti Gilford Fine Arts, Chicago)
Ed. 2993.4/6
Private collection
Ed. 2993.5/6
Robert J. Denison, New York City, June 1981(via Leo Castelli Gallery, New York City)
Vivian Horan Fine Art LLC, New York City, and James Goodman Gallery, New York City, April 1997 (via Jane Holzer, New York City)
Owner unknown, September 2007 (via Vivian Horan Fine Art LLC, New York City)
Ed. 2993.6/6
Martin Z. Margulies, Miami, Fla., June 1981 (via Leo Castelli Gallery, New York City; via Shaindy Fenton, Fort Worth, Tex.)
Exhibitions
Saint Louis Art Museum, St. Louis, Roy Lichtenstein 1970–1980, May 8–June 28, 1981 (only New York) (Cowart 1981b, n.p. facing p. 152 color ill.). Traveled to: Seattle Art Museum, Seattle, Wash., July 16–September 6, 1981; Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, N.Y., September 22–November 29, 1981; Fort Worth Art Museum, Fort Worth, Tex., December 16, 1981–February 7, 1982; Josef-Haubrich-Kunsthalle, Cologne, March 10–April 25, 1982 (with an additional exhibit on the Kunsthalle's lower floor showing Lichtenstein artworks from the Ludwig Collection). (Cowart 1982a); Orsanmichele, Florence, Italy, May–August 1982 (Cowart 1982b); Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Paris, September 21–December 19, 1982 (Cowart 1982b); Fundación Juan March, Madrid, January 14–March 20, 1983 (Cowart 1982b); Ohara Museum of Art, Chuo Kurashiki City, Okayama Prefecture, Japan, April 26–May 22, 1983 (Cowart 1982b); Seibu Museum of Art, Seibu Takanawa, Tokyo, June 1–July 13, 1983. (Cowart 1983).
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, Transformations in Sculpture: Four Decades of American and European Art, November 22, 1985–February 16, 1986 (Waldman 1985) (ed. 2993.6/6).
65 Thompson Street, New York, Roy Lichtenstein: Bronze Sculptures, 1976–1989, May 19–July 1, 1989 (Tuten 1989) (ed. 2993.4/6).
Galerie Nichido, Tokyo, Lichtenstein, Rauschenberg, Rosenquist, February 18–26, 1991 (Hasegawa 1991, color ill.). Traveled to: Galerie Nichido, Nagoya, Japan, March 1–9, 1991.
Isetan Museum of Art, Tokyo, Pop Muses: Images of Women by Roy Lichtenstein and Andy Warhol, August 29–September 24, 1991 (Livingstone 1991b). Traveled to: Kawamura Memorial Museum of Art, Chiba, Japan, October 2–December 1, 1991; Kitakyushu Municipal Museum of Art, Kitakyushu, Japan, December 14, 1991–January 12, 1992; Daimaru Museum, Osaka, Japan, February 5–16, 1992; Daimaru Museum, Kyoto, Japan, March 12–17, 1992.
Guild Hall, East Hampton, New York, Roy Lichtenstein: Three Decades of Sculpture, August 15–October 4, 1992 (Guild Hall 1992) (ed. 2993.4/6).
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, Roy Lichtenstein: A Retrospective, October 7, 1993–January 16, 1994 (Waldman 1993b). Traveled to: Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, Calif., January 26–April 3, 1994; Musée des Beaux-Arts de Montréal, Montreal, May 26–September 5, 1994; Haus der Kunst, Munich, October 13, 1994–January 9, 1995 (included early works) (Waldman 1994); Deichtorhallen, Hamburg, Germany, February 8–April 30, 1995 (included early works) (Waldman 1994); Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, June 2–September 3, 1995 (included early works) (Waldman 1994); Wexner Center for the Arts, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, September 21, 1995–January 7, 1996 (abridged version) (Waldman 1994) (ed. 2993.1/6).
Art Museum, Florida International University, Miami, American Art Today: Heads Only, April 8–May 6, 1994 (Morgan, D. 1994) (ed. 2993.6/6).
Fondation Beyeler, Riehen, Switzerland, Roy Lichtenstein, May 24–September 27, 1998 (Beyeler [Fondation] 1998) (ed. 2993.1/6).
Museo del Palacio de Bellas Artes, Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes, Mexico City, Roy Lichtenstein: Imágenes reconocibles: Escultura, pintura y gráfica, July 9–October 18, 1998 (Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes 1998). Traveled to: Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Monterrey, Monterrey, Mexico, November 5, 1998–January 31, 1999; Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., June 5–September 30, 1999 (as Roy Lichtenstein: Sculpture and Drawings, revised and expanded) (Corcoran 1999); Instituto Valenciano de Arte Moderno (IVAM), Valencia, Spain, October 21, 1999–January 9, 2000 (Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes 1999); Fundación Pedro Barrié de la Maza, A Coruña, Spain, January 27–April 23, 2000 (Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes 1999); Centro Cultural de Belém, Lisbon, Portugal, May 11–August 15, 2000 (as Roy Lichtenstein: Imagens Reconhecíveis) (Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes 2000) (ed. 2993.4/6).
Museum of Contemporary Art, North Miami, Florida, Roy Lichtenstein: Inside/Outside, December 11, 2001–February 24, 2002 (Clearwater 2001) (ed. 2993.4/6).
Gagosian Gallery (6–24 Britannia Street), London, Roy Lichtenstein: Sculpture, June 6–August 6, 2005 (Foster, H. 2005). Traveled to: Gagosian Gallery (555 West 24th Street), New York, N.Y., September 16–October 22, 2005 (ed. 2993.4/6).
Triennale di Milano, Milan, Roy Lichtenstein: Meditations on Art, January 26–May 30, 2010 (only Milan) (Mercurio 2010c); (Mercurio 2010d). Traveled to: Museum Ludwig, Cologne, July 2–October 17, 2010 (as Roy Lichtenstein: Kunst als Motiv) (Mercurio 2010a) (ed. 2993.4/6).
Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Roy Lichtenstein: A Retrospective, May 16–September 3, 2012 (only Paris) (Rondeau and Wagstaff, Sheena 2012). Traveled to: National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., October 14, 2012–January 13, 2013; Tate Modern, London, February 21–May 27, 2013 (as Lichtenstein: A Retrospective) (Dunne 2012); Musée National d'Art Moderne, Centre National d'Art et de Culture Georges Pompidou, Paris, July 3–November 4, 2013 (as Roy Lichtenstein, revised and reorganized) (Dunne 2013); (Pompidou 2013); (Morineau 2013a) (ed. 2993.4/6).
Gagosian Gallery (4 rue de Ponthieu), Paris, Lichtenstein: Expressionism, July 1–October 12, 2013 (Gagosian, Paris 2013) (ed. 2993.2/6).
Gagosian Gallery, London, at Frieze Masters, London, Remembering Bilderstreit: Georg Baselitz and Roy Lichtenstein in the 1980s in Frieze Masters, October 5–8, 2017 (Calvocoressi 2017) (ed. 2993.1/6).
Literature
Cowart, Jack. Roy Lichtenstein 1970–1980. Translated from the English by Nicolas Hepp. Munich: Prestel Verlag, 1982. Exhibition catalogue (1981 St. Louis Art Museum), no. 145 n.p. facing p. 152 color ill. [not exhibited].
Cowart, Jack. Roy Lichtenstein 1970–1980. Tokyo: Seibu Museum of Art, 1983. Exhibition catalogue (1981 St. Louis Art Museum), p. 149 color ill. [not exhibited].
Alloway, Lawrence. Roy Lichtenstein. New York: Abbeville Press, 1983, no. 101 p. 99 b/w ill.
Hendrickson, Janis. Roy Lichtenstein. Cologne: Benedikt Taschen, 1988, p. 66 b/w ill.
Hindry, Ann, ed. Artstudio. Special issue, Roy Lichtenstein, no. 20 (Spring 1991), p. 146 color ill.
Dattenberger, Simone. "Punkte Punkte Farbe Strich." Dachauer Nachrichten (Dachau), October 14, 1994, p. unavail. color ill. (installation view, 1993 New York Guggenheim at Haus der Kunst, Munich). (ed. 2993.1/6).
Truffaut, Serge. "Lichtenstein: Le Roy du Pop." Le devoir (Montreal), May 28–29, 1994, p. C1 b/w ill.
Serafini, Giuliano. Art e Dossier. Special issue, Lichtenstein (Milan), no. 152 (January 2000), n.p. following p. 21 color ill.
Celant, Germano. Roy Lichtenstein Sculptor. Milan: Skira Editore for Fondazione Emilio e Annabianca Vedova, 2013. Exhibition catalogue (2013 Venice Vedova), no. 105 n.p. facing p. 145 color ill. [not exhibited].
Celant, Germano. Roy Lichtenstein Sculptor. Milan: Skira Editore for Fondazione Emilio e Annabianca Vedova, 2013. Exhibition catalogue (2013 Venice Vedova), no. 105 n.p. facing p. 145 color ill. [not exhibited].

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Other

Section titles and headings are for convenience only and have no legal or contractual effect.  The failure of RLF to exercise or enforce any right or provision of the Terms shall not constitute a waiver of such right or provision.  If a court of competent jurisdiction determines that any provision of these Terms is unenforceable for any reason, then that provision will be deleted and the remaining provisions of these Terms will be enforceable to the fullest extent permitted by law.

Questions

Please email [email protected] with any questions you may have about these Terms.