Painted aluminum
144 x 42 x 30 in. (365.8 x 106.7 x 76.2 cm)
Chopmarked, numbered, signed and dated edge. Posthumous AP chopmarked, marked A/P, marked with artist's name, dated and marked with copyright notice with year of fabrication edge.
Classification: sculpture (editioned)

Sculpture (Editioned)

Catalogue entries for editioned sculpture provide conception and fabrication dates, dimensions, and transcriptions of inscriptions with brief summaries highlighting inconsistencies within editions.

All fabricators involved with an edition are documented, including their location at the time of fabrication and, when available, key workshop staff. Publishers and commissioners involved in the production and distribution of a sculpture are also listed. 

Remarks address conflicting information, historical cataloguing errors or other unclear details.

Primary Images usually illustrate an individual work in an edition, often with multiple images taken from various angles. Research Images document inscriptions or other details of interest.

Edition Numbers

When edition numbers for individual casts could not be confirmed, the edition number is given as "unkn" to mean unknown. The works may or may not correspond to other works in the same edition with incomplete provenance.

Dates

Conception dates for editioned sculpture are based on the year a collage or prototype, used for the edition's fabrication, was completed. Approximate dates are indicated with circa "c." Fabrication dates follow the conception date in parentheses and are based on the year(s) in which individual works in an edition were delivered by the fabricator to the artist’s studio to be painted, usually shortly after delivery.

Dimensions

Dimensions reflect fabricators' dimensions recorded in official paperwork or documented in studio files maintained by the artist or his estate whenever available; otherwise, they stem from Castelli records, RL Studio Cards or the catalogue team's research.

Inscriptions

Despite extensive research efforts, physical examination or documentation of inscriptions was not always possible. In these cases, the signature transcription says “[no information].” When information came from an external source, e.g., an auction catalogue, inscriptions are given verbatim with a reference.

Provenance

Provenance histories for editions of 3, 6, 8, and 12 works are provided. For larger sculpture editions, provenance has not been researched and descriptive details, such as individual signature transcriptions, are not given. Entries follow instead a format similar to print entries.

(Contrary to entries for large sculpture editions, the catalogue provides provenance for all of Lichtenstein's banner and tapestry editions, regardless of their size, to document their complex histories.) See: 4.2. BANNER (EDITIONED)

Research

Primary sources consulted are mainly the rich materials in the RLF Archives, such as studio correspondence, fabricator agreements and invoices, publisher’s royalty reports, shipping receipts, business logs and loan forms. In addition, frequent conversations were held with former fabricator staff and studio assistants. James dePasquale, Lichtenstein's assistant since the early 1970s, was primarily responsible for painting the artist's smaller sculptures after they were delivered by the fabricator to the artist’s studio. He served as an invaluable source for questions about media details and process.  

Posthumous Casts

In accordance with Lichtenstein's intentions or unrealized plans left at the time of his passing, the Estate of the artist, after consultation with the Roy Lichtenstein Foundation, produced a select group of monumental and smaller casts. They are described as such in their catalogue entries.

In all cases, production was based on extended research and documentation with historical indications. The same fabricators were used for the posthumous casts as for the lifetime casts, with oversight provided by the artist's assistant James dePasquale, reflecting a standard studio practice. Often, the casts were made with higher quality materials and improved engineering, paint systems, etc., due to a less restrictive budget.

Posthumous casts, which do not reflect or expand lifetime editions are not included in the catalogue. For further information see: Projects of the ERL.

Read more: Guide to the Catalogue
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Catalogue entry

Artwork: Brushstroke Nude, 1993 (fabricated 1993–94, posthumous AP fabricated 2006) (RLCR 4255)
Artwork: Brushstroke Nude, 1993 (fabricated 1993–94, posthumous AP fabricated 2006) (RLCR 4255)
Artwork: Brushstroke Nude, 1993 (fabricated 1993–94, posthumous AP fabricated 2006) (RLCR 4255)
Artwork: Brushstroke Nude, 1993 (fabricated 1993–94, posthumous AP fabricated 2006) (RLCR 4255)
Artwork: Brushstroke Nude, 1993 (fabricated 1993–94, posthumous AP fabricated 2006) (RLCR 4255)
RLCR 4255 (LC 1154; RL 1671)
Brushstroke Nude
1993 (fabricated 1993–94, posthumous AP fabricated 2006)
Title Source
Castelli; RL Studio Card
Media
Painted aluminum
Dimensions
144 x 42 x 30 in. (365.8 x 106.7 x 76.2 cm)
Description
Edition of 3 plus posthumous AP
Fabricators: Tallix, Inc., Beacon, N.Y. (eds.1/3–3/3); Polich Art Works, Rock Tavern, N.Y. (posthumous AP)
Inscriptions
Chopmarked, numbered, signed and dated edge. Posthumous AP chopmarked, marked A/P, marked with artist's name, dated and marked with copyright notice with year of fabrication edge.
Ed. 4255.AP
POLICH ART WORKS; A/P rf Lichtenstein ’93 / © ESTATE OF ROY LICHTENSTEIN 2006 [vertical]
Ed. 4255.1/3 (LC 1154)
[Tallix chop] TALLIX; 1/3 rf Lichtenstein '93
Ed. 4255.2/3 (LC 1154)
[no information]
Ed. 4255.3/3 (LC 1154)
TALLIX; 3/3 rf Lichtenstein '93 [vertical]
Remarks

The casts are marked 1993. An invoice for payment to the fabricator is dated March 17, 1994 (RLF Archives). 

Related Works
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Provenance
Ed. 4255.AP
The Roy Lichtenstein Foundation Collection
Jeffrey H. Loria Collection, October 2009
Ed. 4255.1/3 (LC 1154)
Private collection, May 1997 (via Leo Castelli Gallery, New York City; via Gagosian Gallery, New York City)
(Phillips de Pury & Company, New York, May 10, 2012, sale NY010212, lot 17)
Ed. 4255.2/3 (LC 1154)
Jeffrey H. Loria Collection, New York, January 1997 (via David Tunkl Fine Art, Los Angeles)
Ed. 4255.3/3 (LC 1154)
Estate of Roy Lichtenstein
Private collection, May 2010 (via Jeffrey Loria & Co, Inc., New York City)
Exhibitions
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, Roy Lichtenstein: A Retrospective, October 7, 1993–January 16, 1994 (only New York) (Waldman 1993b). Traveled to: Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, Calif., January 26–April 3, 1994; Musée des Beaux-Arts de Montréal, Montreal, May 26–September 5, 1994; Haus der Kunst, Munich, October 13, 1994–January 9, 1995 (included early works) (Waldman 1994); Deichtorhallen, Hamburg, Germany, February 8–April 30, 1995 (included early works) (Waldman 1994); Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, June 2–September 3, 1995 (included early works) (Waldman 1994); Wexner Center for the Arts, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, September 21, 1995–January 7, 1996 (abridged version) (Waldman 1994) (ed. 4255.1/3 (LC 1154)).
Atrium, IBM Building (590 Madison Avenue), New York, The Sculpture Garden at 590 Madison Avenue, December 14, 1995–April 6, 1996 (ed. 4255.1/3 (LC 1154)).
Biennale di Firenze, Fortezza da Basso, Florence, Italy, Looking at Fashion in La Biennale di Firenze, September 21, 1996–January 12, 1997 (Celant 1996). Traveled to: Guggenheim Museum Soho, New York, N.Y., March 12–June 8, 1997 (as Art/Fashion, revised and expanded section from the Biennale) (Celant 1997a) (ed. 4255.1/3 (LC 1154)).
Museo del Palacio de Bellas Artes, Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes, Mexico City, Roy Lichtenstein: Imágenes reconocibles: Escultura, pintura y gráfica, July 9–October 18, 1998 (Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes 1998). Traveled to: Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Monterrey, Monterrey, Mexico, November 5, 1998–January 31, 1999; Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., June 5–September 30, 1999 (as Roy Lichtenstein: Sculpture and Drawings, revised and expanded) (Corcoran 1999); Instituto Valenciano de Arte Moderno (IVAM), Valencia, Spain, October 21, 1999–January 9, 2000 (Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes 1999); Fundación Pedro Barrié de la Maza, A Coruña, Spain, January 27–April 23, 2000 (Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes 1999); Centro Cultural de Belém, Lisbon, Portugal, May 11–August 15, 2000 (as Roy Lichtenstein: Imagens Reconhecíveis) (Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes 2000) (ed. 4255.3/3 (LC 1154)).
Iris and B. Gerald Cantor Roof Garden, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Roy Lichtenstein on the Roof, May 1–November 2, 2003 (Metropolitan Museum of Art 2003) (ed. 4255.3/3 (LC 1154)).
Gagosian Gallery (6–24 Britannia Street), London, Roy Lichtenstein: Sculpture, June 6–August 6, 2005 (Foster, H. 2005). Traveled to: Gagosian Gallery (555 West 24th Street), New York, N.Y., September 16–October 22, 2005 (ed. 4255.3/3 (LC 1154)).
Museo de Arte Abstracto Español, Cuenca, Spain, Lichtenstein: En proceso, November 25, 2005–February 19, 2006 (only Madrid, Paris) (Fundación Juan March 2005b). Traveled to: Museu d'Art Espanyol Contemporani, Palma de Mallorca, Spain, March 7–September 9, 2006; Fundación Juan March, Madrid, February 2–May 27, 2007 (as Roy Lichtenstein: De principio a fin, revised and expanded) (Fundación Juan March 2007a); (Fundación Juan March 2007b); Pinacothèque de Paris, Paris, June 15–September 23, 2007 (as Roy Lichtenstein: Évolution, revised and expanded) (Fundación Juan March 2007c); Katonah Museum of Art, Katonah, N.Y., March 29–June 28, 2009 (revised and abridged) (Katonah Museum 2009); Dixon Gallery and Gardens, Memphis, Tenn., October 18, 2009–January 17, 2010 (revised and abridged) (Katonah Museum 2009); Frederick Weisman Museum of Art, Pepperdine University, Malibu, Calif., January 22–April 3, 2011 (Katonah Museum 2009) (ed. 4255.3/3 (LC 1154)).
Yellow Bird Gallery, Newburgh, New York, Roy Lichtenstein, September 1–4, 2006 (ed. 4255.AP).
Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Coral Gables, Florida, Roy Lichtenstein at Fairchild, December 8, 2007–May 31, 2008 (ed. 4255.AP).
Literature
McGee, Celia. "Pop on Top This Summer at the Met." Daily News (New York), May 2, 2003, p. 59 ill. (installation view, 2003 New York MMA). (ed. 4255.3/3 (LC 1154)).
Fundación Juan March, Madrid. Roy Lichtenstein: Beginning to End. Madrid: Fundación Juan March, 2007. Exhibition catalogue (2005 Cuenca Arte Abstracto), no. 39 p. 69 color ill. (AP?), [not exhibited]. (ed. 4255.AP).
Fundación Juan March, Madrid. Roy Lichtenstein: De principio a fin. Madrid: Fundación Juan March, 2007. Exhibition catalogue (2005 Cuenca Arte Abstracto), no. 39 p. 69 color ill. (AP?), [not exhibited]. (ed. 4255.AP).
Fundación Juan March, Madrid. Roy Lichtenstein: Évolution. Translated from the English by Delphine Billaut, Isabelle Choque, Aude Pasquier, and Maïca Sanconie. Madrid: Fundación Juan March; Paris: Pinacothèque de Paris, 2007. Exhibition catalogue (2005 Cuenca Arte Abstracto), no. 39 p. 69 color ill. (AP?), [not exhibited]. (ed. 4255.AP).
Celant, Germano. Roy Lichtenstein Sculptor. Milan: Skira Editore for Fondazione Emilio e Annabianca Vedova, 2013. Exhibition catalogue (2013 Venice Vedova), no. 201 n.p. facing 240 color ill. [not exhibited].
Celant, Germano. Roy Lichtenstein Sculptor. Milan: Skira Editore for Fondazione Emilio e Annabianca Vedova, 2013. Exhibition catalogue (2013 Venice Vedova), no. 201 n.p. facing 240 color ill. [not exhibited].