Painted aluminum
<span class="gray">Ed. 1/1:</span> 361 x 198 1/2 x 98 3/8 in. (916.9 x 504.2 x 249.9 cm)<div class="div_addlDim"><span class="gray">AP:</span> 390 1/2 x 210 x 108 in. (991.9 x 533.4 x 274.3 cm)</div>
Ed. 1/1 marked with copyright notice and chopmarked green brushstroke bottom. Posthumous AP marked with artist's name, dated, marked AP, marked with copyright notice with year of fabrication and chopmarked green brushstroke bottom.
Classification: sculpture (editioned)

Sculpture (Editioned)

Catalogue entries for editioned sculpture provide conception and fabrication dates, dimensions, and transcriptions of inscriptions with brief summaries highlighting inconsistencies within editions.

All fabricators involved with an edition are documented, including their location at the time of fabrication and, when available, key workshop staff. Publishers and commissioners involved in the production and distribution of a sculpture are also listed. 

Remarks address conflicting information, historical cataloguing errors or other unclear details.

Primary Images usually illustrate an individual work in an edition, often with multiple images taken from various angles. Research Images document inscriptions or other details of interest.

Edition Numbers

When edition numbers for individual casts could not be confirmed, the edition number is given as "unkn" to mean unknown. The works may or may not correspond to other works in the same edition with incomplete provenance.

Dates

Conception dates for editioned sculpture are based on the year a collage or prototype, used for the edition's fabrication, was completed. Approximate dates are indicated with circa "c." Fabrication dates follow the conception date in parentheses and are based on the year(s) in which individual works in an edition were delivered by the fabricator to the artist’s studio to be painted, usually shortly after delivery.

Dimensions

Dimensions reflect fabricators' dimensions recorded in official paperwork or documented in studio files maintained by the artist or his estate whenever available; otherwise, they stem from Castelli records, RL Studio Cards or the catalogue team's research.

Inscriptions

Despite extensive research efforts, physical examination or documentation of inscriptions was not always possible. In these cases, the signature transcription says “[no information].” When information came from an external source, e.g., an auction catalogue, inscriptions are given verbatim with a reference.

Provenance

Provenance histories for editions of 3, 6, 8, and 12 works are provided. For larger sculpture editions, provenance has not been researched and descriptive details, such as individual signature transcriptions, are not given. Entries follow instead a format similar to print entries.

(Contrary to entries for large sculpture editions, the catalogue provides provenance for all of Lichtenstein's banner and tapestry editions, regardless of their size, to document their complex histories.) See: 4.2. BANNER (EDITIONED)

Research

Primary sources consulted are mainly the rich materials in the RLF Archives, such as studio correspondence, fabricator agreements and invoices, publisher’s royalty reports, shipping receipts, business logs and loan forms. In addition, frequent conversations were held with former fabricator staff and studio assistants. James dePasquale, Lichtenstein's assistant since the early 1970s, was primarily responsible for painting the artist's smaller sculptures after they were delivered by the fabricator to the artist’s studio. He served as an invaluable source for questions about media details and process.  

Posthumous Casts

In accordance with Lichtenstein's intentions or unrealized plans left at the time of his passing, the Estate of the artist, after consultation with the Roy Lichtenstein Foundation, produced a select group of monumental and smaller casts. They are described as such in their catalogue entries.

In all cases, production was based on extended research and documentation with historical indications. The same fabricators were used for the posthumous casts as for the lifetime casts, with oversight provided by the artist's assistant James dePasquale, reflecting a standard studio practice. Often, the casts were made with higher quality materials and improved engineering, paint systems, etc., due to a less restrictive budget.

Posthumous casts, which do not reflect or expand lifetime editions are not included in the catalogue. For further information see: Projects of the ERL.

Read more: Guide to the Catalogue
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Catalogue entry

Artwork: Brushstroke Group, 1984 (fabricated 1987, posthumous AP fabricated 2007) (RLCR 3402) Photo: Courtesy Gagosian Gallery AP Installed at Navy Pier, Chicago
AP Installed at Navy Pier, Chicago
RLCR 3402 (LC 1049; RL 1317)
Status: Research Pending
Brushstroke Group
1984 (fabricated 1987, posthumous AP fabricated 2007)
Title Source
RL Studio Card
Alternate title and source: Brushstroke (Castelli)
Media
Painted aluminum
Dimensions
Ed. 1/1: 361 x 198 1/2 x 98 3/8 in. (916.9 x 504.2 x 249.9 cm)
AP: 390 1/2 x 210 x 108 in. (991.9 x 533.4 x 274.3 cm)
Description
Edition of 1 plus posthumous AP
Fabricators: Tallix, Inc., Beacon, N.Y. (ed. 1/1); Amaral Custom Fabrications, Inc., Seekonk, Mass. (posthumous AP).
Inscriptions
Ed. 1/1 marked with copyright notice and chopmarked green brushstroke bottom. Posthumous AP marked with artist's name, dated, marked AP, marked with copyright notice with year of fabrication and chopmarked green brushstroke bottom.
Ed. 3402.AP
rf Lichtenstein '87 AP / © Estate of Roy Lichtenstein 2007 [Amaral chop]
Ed. 3402.1/1 (LC 1049)
© rf Lichtenstein / '87 [Tallix chop]
Photo: Courtesy Gagosian Gallery
Research Images
Brushstroke Group, 1984 (fabricated 1987, posthumous AP fabricated 2007) (RLCR 3402). Ed. 1/1: Installed at Doris C. Freedman Plaza, Central Park, New York
Ed. 1/1: Installed at Doris C. Freedman Plaza, Central Park, New York
Photo: Courtesy Gagosian Gallery
Related Works
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Provenance
Ed. 3402.AP
The Roy Lichtenstein Foundation Collection
{Gagosian Gallery, New York City, May 5, 2009–November 30, 2013}
Research pending
Ed. 3402.1/1 (LC 1049)
Stephen Mazoh & Co., Inc., Rhinebeck, N.Y., 1988 (artist sale)
(Christie's, New York, November 10, 2004, sale 1431, lot 50)
Larry Gagosian, New York
Exhibitions
Atrium and Gardens, Casino de Monte-Carlo, Monte Carlo, Monaco, Montecarlo Sculpture 87, April 14–September 30, 1987 (Hunter, S. 1987) (ed. 3402.1/1 (LC 1049)).
Doris C. Freedman Plaza, New York, Roy Lichtenstein: Brushstroke, November 16, 1988–May 31, 1989 (ed. 3402.1/1 (LC 1049)).
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, Roy Lichtenstein: A Retrospective, October 7, 1993–January 16, 1994 (only New York) (Waldman 1993b). Traveled to: Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, Calif., January 26–April 3, 1994; Musée des Beaux-Arts de Montréal, Montreal, May 26–September 5, 1994; Haus der Kunst, Munich, October 13, 1994–January 9, 1995 (included early works) (Waldman 1994); Deichtorhallen, Hamburg, Germany, February 8–April 30, 1995 (included early works) (Waldman 1994); Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, June 2–September 3, 1995 (included early works) (Waldman 1994); Wexner Center for the Arts, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, September 21, 1995–January 7, 1996 (abridged version) (Waldman 1994) (ed. 3402.1/1 (LC 1049)).
Kantor Gallery, Los Angeles, Whole Lotta Pop, May 30–July 29, 1995 (ed. 3402.1/1 (LC 1049)).
Museo del Palacio de Bellas Artes, Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes, Mexico City, Roy Lichtenstein: Imágenes reconocibles: Escultura, pintura y gráfica, July 9–October 18, 1998 (only Washington, D.C.) (Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes 1998). Traveled to: Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Monterrey, Monterrey, Mexico, November 5, 1998–January 31, 1999; Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., June 5–September 30, 1999 (as Roy Lichtenstein: Sculpture and Drawings, revised and expanded) (Corcoran 1999); Instituto Valenciano de Arte Moderno (IVAM), Valencia, Spain, October 21, 1999–January 9, 2000 (Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes 1999); Fundación Pedro Barrié de la Maza, A Coruña, Spain, January 27–April 23, 2000 (Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes 1999); Centro Cultural de Belém, Lisbon, Portugal, May 11–August 15, 2000 (as Roy Lichtenstein: Imagens Reconhecíveis) (Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes 2000) (ed. 3402.1/1 (LC 1049)).
City Hall, New York, Roy Lichtenstein at City Hall, November 18, 2003–October 31, 2004 (ed. 3402.1/1 (LC 1049)).
Literature
Smith, Roberta. "Roy Lichtenstein." Atelier (Tokyo), no. 803 (1994), p. 36 b/w ill. (as Brushtroke; installation view, 1993 New York Guggenheim). (ed. 3402.1/1 (LC 1049)).
Foster, Hal. Roy Lichtenstein: Sculpture. New York: Gagosian Gallery with the Roy Lichtenstein Foundation, New York, 2005. Exhibition catalogue (2005b London Gagosian), n.p. facing p. 19 color ill. [not exhibited]. (ed. 3402.1/1 (LC 1049)).
Celant, Germano. Roy Lichtenstein Sculptor. Milan: Skira Editore for Fondazione Emilio e Annabianca Vedova, 2013. Exhibition catalogue (2013 Venice Vedova), no. 157 n.p. facing p. 196 color ill. [not exhibited]. (ed. 3402.1/1 (LC 1049)).
Celant, Germano. Roy Lichtenstein Sculptor. Milan: Skira Editore for Fondazione Emilio e Annabianca Vedova, 2013. Exhibition catalogue (2013 Venice Vedova), no. 157 n.p. facing p. 196 color ill. [not exhibited]. (ed. 3402.1/1 (LC 1049)).